Tuesday, June 9, 2020
Many have claimed the title of The Greatest over the years, but only one has shown us what it is truly like to be the greatest to ever do it. Cassius Clay Jr. or better known as Muhammad Ali was born in Louisville, KY on January 17, 1942. Alis boxing career lasted twenty-one years and during that time, Ali amassed a total of fifty-six wins and was the first Heavyweight boxer to win the Heavyweight Championship on three different occasions. The majority of people dont realize that Ali changed his name from Cassius Clay Jr. to Muhammad Ali in light of his religion. (History.com) During Alis life, he has overcome a lot of adversity and has shown what its like to have a heart of a champion! When Ali was a young boy, about 12 years in age, he and his friend rode their bicycles to the fair, however when they left to return home Muhammad realized that his bicycle had been stolen, and then tried to find a police officer so that he could report the bike stolen. (Enslow 2006) Muhammad Ali was very upset about the bike and wanted to fight whoever took it to get back at him. A police officer overheard Ali and his friend talking about getting payback on whoever took the bike and the officer asked Ali if he had ever been in a fight before and Ali said that he hadnt. The Police Officer whose name was Joe Martin, told Ali that looking to pick a fight would be a bad decision, but would train him how to box to relieve his pent-up frustration. Muhammad Ali trained for about a month and a half before he had his first fight against Ronnie OKeefe, which he would end up winning by a split-decision. Muhammad before long turned into an astonishing competitor and it paid off high school. Muhammad won numerous Golden Gloves Awards and was an AAU Light Heavyweight Champion and despite the fact that his grades werent the best, the principle allowed him to graduate with his class. After High School, Muhammad Ali earned a spot on the U.S. Olympic boxing team and got the chance to go to cities around the world such as Rome and Italy. Muhammad Ali would end up beating Zbigniew Pietrzkowski for the Olympic gold medal in the 1960 Rome Olympics. After the Olympics, Ali would return home and become a professional boxer with the sponsoring of Louisville Sponsoring Group. Later, Muhammad Ali beat Henry Cooper in 1963 and beat Sonny Liston in 1964 to win his first Heavyweight Championship. During Muhammad Alis boxing career, he was trying to find himself and converted to the Nation of Islam (Biography.com). After converting to Islam, he changed his name to Cassius X; but the name was short-lived, and he would end up changing his name again to what we know him as today, to Muhammad Ali and that would be his official name until his death in 2016. Muhammad Ali was drafted to the U.S Army in 1967 for the Vietnam War, but refused to go due to his religious beliefs and he was sent to prison. While in prison, Ali was stripped of his Heavyweight Championship and was suspended from boxing for three and a half years. This was a terrible a time in Alis life, as he was suspended during three and a half years of his prime. When the years had passed, and the suspension was finished, Ali returned to the ring and won his first fight back in 1970 against Jerry Quarry. The next year, Ali would end up fighting in what would become known as The Fight of The Century, against Joe Frazier on March 8,1971, the fight happened at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Muhammad Ali would end up losing this fight to Joe Frazier and that was Alis first defeat as a professional. Ali however, would fight Frazier again on October 1, 1975 in the Araneta Coliseum which is in a city called Quezon in the Philippines, with Muhammad Ali winning this time around after a 14 round fight, and this fight is another fight of Alis that has been labeled as one of the best ever. This would prove to be one of Alis last successes in his boxing career as he would begin to lose more bouts through the late 1970s and would retire after his last fight on December 11, 1981. After Muhammad retired from boxing, he committed his life to Philanthropy. In 1984, Muhammad Ali was diagnosed with Parkinson disease and started an organization to help other people with the disease. (Biography.com) Ali also began to travel around the world to spread awareness on Parkinson disease. In 1998, Muhammad Ali was chosen to become a Messenger of Peace for the United Nations for the work that he had done with different countries. As per History.com; Muhammad Ali was given the Presidential Medal of Freedom from our forty-third President, George W. Bush while he was in office. Ali would also open a center for youth in his hometown of Louisville, KY so they could have mentors to teach them that they could do anything that they want to do. (History.com) Ali wanted to make a positive impact on the children of Louisville, much the same as somebody had shown him back when he was young man. Muhammad Ali has been married to four different women and had a total of nine children, seven of which were girls and the other two being boys. The most famous of his children would be Laila Ali, who grew up to be an outstanding boxer just like her father. Laila turned out to be a standout amongst other female boxers in the sport with a record of twenty-four wins and zero losses. Ali additionally has another little girl who is in the music industry,
Sunday, May 17, 2020
OPINIONS ON THE CIVIL WAR. The northern and southern parts of the Unites States of America were politically, economically and culturally very different from one another. The people of the northern and southern colonies came to the new world for very different reasons and as time went on their differences grew. The differences between them originally divided their opinions on the civil war and who the people gave loyalty. THE PEOPLE IN THE SOUTHÃ¢â¬â¢S OPINION ON THE WAR . The question to ask oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self is how a country suddenly can be divided into two parts? What triggered the people to create a separate nation? That is exactly what happened in the mid1800s in the United States. Most people in the southÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Throughout this research I have noticed that the most frequently talked about the subject concerning the civil war is mostly about the slaves, fighters in the war, and leaders of each opposition party and the military issues of the war. The group of people who have actually been excluded is the male citizens who refused to fight in the war in the southern states. The male citizens who refused in the war were mostly disabled ones. This was because the southern states had no military and they had to recruit soldiers immediately which included almost all the working and not disabled male citizens (slaves did not count). The women were not really included in the actual civil war but they fought the war in their own way which was fortunately recognized after the war. It was the first time in American history that women played a significant role in a war effort. Whether they were appreciated or not appreciated their opinions on the war still counted ROSE OÃ¢â¬â¢NEAL GREENHOW. Her real name was Maria Rosetta OÃ¢â¬â¢Neal. When women are mentioned on the topic of civil war her name is always brought up. She served the confederate government by acting as a spy. She did it selflessly that even when she was put in prison she still sent secret messages. Among her accomplishments was the secret message she sent to General Pierre G. T Beauregard which ultimately caused him to winShow MoreRelatedAbraham Lincoln And The Second American Revolution957 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFreedom: The Civil War EraÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Tried by War: Abraham Lincoln as Commander-in-ChiefÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Crossroads of Freedom: AntietamÃ¢â¬ and many other history related books. Ã¢â¬Å"Abraham Lincoln and The Second American RevolutionÃ¢â¬ consists of seven essays throughout on important themes in American history and unusual standpoints on the Civil War and Abraham Lincoln. James MacPhersonÃ¢â¬â¢s focuses on the main topic which is the drastic changes the Civil War caused in AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of freedom. Before the war took placeRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War Essay1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Civil War lasted from April 12, 1861 to May 9, 1865. It was the bloodiest war in American history, killing approximately 620,000 soldiers in total. The War was fought and won by the North, ensuring that all the United States would stay united and slavery would be illegal in The United States. However, history is one of the most complicated things in the world. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also one of the most important things in the world because history is what made the present possible. Historians have debatedRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Across Five Aprils 1218 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Civil War devastated families all across the United States. Hundreds of thousands of people died and for many years after, the nation was still divided and t rying to figure out how to move forward. Irene Hunt learned of stories of the Civil War from her grandfather who served in the Civil War. HuntÃ¢â¬â¢s book, Across Five Aprils, relates to her childhood because this novel is nothing but a story of the war from one family. This book hit home hard and revealed concepts of realism by examining theRead MoreChandra Manning And The Civil War1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOn April 18, 1865, the Civil War was ended by an agreement reached between Joseph E. Johnston and William T. Sherman following the surrender of the Confederate Army. Decades later, historians still question how the Civil War began. Although they view slavery as an underlying cause of the Civil War, there is still controversy in accepting that it was the main cause of conflict between the North and the South. In What This Cruel War was Over, Chandra Manning argues that the North fought for the purposeRead MoreEssay on African Americans Influence on Civil War618 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn what way the African Americans shaped the course and consequences of the Civil War? African Americans helped shape the civil war in many ways. In fact, they were basically the underlying cause for the war in the first place. African Americans were slaves and had been treated like property since they first arrived in America. Therefore, the possibility of freedom for these slaves caused a big uproar in the south. The issue of equal rights for African Americans, the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s ignorance to AfricanRead MoreElizabeth Cady Stanton : Women s Rights978 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDuring the late 1830s through the late 1870s women had little to no rights when it came to certain situations. Some women Such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Catherine Beecher and Mary Livermore all had their different opinions on women rights. Elizabeth Cady Stanton who was a woman activist believed that when it comes to marriage a woman should have the same equal opportunities as a man. Catherine Beecher a prominent writer believed that women should have no rights when it comes to abolition societie sRead MoreMary Boykin Miller : An American Diarist And Writer During The Civil War1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMary Boykin Chesnut was born March 31, 1823 in Stateburg, South Carolina. She was an American diarist and writer during the Civil War was in session. Her birth name was Mary Boykin Miller, oldest daughter of Mary Boykin Miller and Stephen Decatur Miller. The Miller family was a wealthy owner of a plantation. Plantation had a large farm with resident workers and slaves. Her father was a politician who supported states` rights over the national government and set their own policies and having the powerRead MoreThe Effects Of Slavery On The United States1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessides, either to be in support of slavery or want to abolish it. Strong opinions amassed, outrage and emphasis for the morality of slavery caused outbreaks of rebellions and violence. Tolerance for slavery was not the only singular cause of the Civil War. Profusions of both short and long term causes co ntributed to the outbreak of the Civil War. The introduction of slavery had an ingrained impact, as the Mexican-American War significantly lead to tension, and LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s election sparked disunion betweenRead MoreComparative Analysis of Research Articles on Slavery1451 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe freeing of slaves in the Civil War era. Two historians, James M. McPherson and Ira Berlin, respectfully express their contrasting views over these topics in this assignment. While I absolutely agree that the slaves in the Civil War era played a pivotal role in emancipating themselves and securing their civil liberties, it was unequivocally the actions of President Lincoln that led to their eventual freedom. McPherson, a professor at Princeton University and Civil War historian, describes in hisRead MoreDeath And The American Civil War1404 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Civil War exposes a different perspective of the Civil War that is sparsely discussed and challenges the reader to broaden their views and beliefs of the war. Author, Drew Gilpin Faust, conducted nine chapters, or the new and transformed ars moriendi, primarily focusing on the past and present of the Civil War and its soldiers. Faust begins her book with the preface, the Work of Death, giving a brief explanation of the life changing events that took place during the war, and how drastically
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
While researching Vincent Van Gogh, I found out several interesting facts about him that I previously didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know. I also found out information on one of his famous paintings, Starry Night . My goal for this essay is to provide information and insight into both van Gogh and Starry Night. Vincent Willem van Gogh was a post impressionist painter. He was born in Zundert, Netherlands on March 30, 1853 and died in Auvers-sur-Oise, France on July 29, 1890. As a child, van Gogh had a bad temperament that stopped his pursuits in their tracks, and by the age of 27 he was, or had been, a french tutor and a salesman in an art gallery among other things. Many of his first paintings, such as Potato Eaters (1885, Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam), reflected his experiences as a preacher. Some would say that his early work was dark and somber, sometimes even crude, providing evidence of his desire to express the misery and poverty of humanity though his eyes. In 1886, van Gogh went to Paris, France to live with his brother Theo van Gogh, who was an art dealer, and became well known with the new art movements being developed at the time. During that period, van Gogh began to experiment with current techniques after being influenced by the impressionists work and that of such Japanese printmakers as Hiroshige and Hokusai, andShow MoreRelatedThe Starry Night By Vincent Van Gogh1465 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStarry Nights The captivating painting by Vincent Van Gogh, The Starry Night is a work of art completed by Van Gogh in 1889. Van Gogh had wanted to paint something that represented the night sky for some time, but many people are interested to find out that Van Gogh actually painted The Starry Night during his time at Saint-Paul-de-Mausole, an asylum and clinic for the mentally ill. There is much debate over the legacy of Van Gogh, and his Ã¢â¬Å"Turbulent MindstateÃ¢â¬ however we can examine much of theRead MoreVan Gogh s Starry Night1671 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn Vincent Van GoghÃ¢â¬â¢s Starry Night there are many aspects of the artwork that are symbolic of Van GoghÃ¢â¬â¢s life struggles. It is easy for the viewer to assume that the aspects of Starry Night represent van GoghÃ¢â¬â¢s time in the asylum, however, not all aspects represent his insanity and isolation. Starry Night is van GoghÃ¢â¬â¢s representation of his biography inspired by his loss of faith, which can be seen and suppo rted by the symbols of the church and the stars. It is fair to say van Gogh was not in aRead MoreThe Starry Night By Vincent Van Gogh1633 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThis paper attempts to present a discussion of Vincent van GoghÃ¢â¬â¢s painting the Starry Night, in terms of his art style that lead people to interpret a different way of reality and the impact of that style subsequently on modern day artistic culture. Also, van GoghÃ¢â¬â¢s late style that inherit his religious belief, his experience and his knowledge of astrology is also worth to mention that, as exhibited in this painting, had not only a direct artistic impact that inspire other artist to imitate it, butRead MoreStarry Night By Vincent Van Gogh1302 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStarry Night is a famous painting by Vincent Van Gogh. Starry Night was constructed in 1889. At the time of his existence, Van Gogh was not well known. Van Gogh only sold one painting during his lifetime, and only became popular after his death like many other artists at the time. To fully understand this painting, one must know the personal life/struggles of the artist himself. When people hear the name Ã¢â¬Å" Vincent Van Gogh,Ã¢â¬ most automatically think of the crazed artist that cut off his own ear andRead MoreStarry Night By Vincent Van Gogh1433 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages A Cypress Tree in the Midst of the Stars Vincent Van Gogh, the Dutch artist who painted Starry Night, was disrespected and unappreciated for his works during his life. However, today he is considered one of the greatest Dutch painters. Today, his work is known for its detail, beauty, and emotion. One might claim that Vincent Van GoghÃ¢â¬â¢s painting Starry Night depicts his supposed insanity. However, his painting Starry Night depicts his feelings of isolation, his feelings of alienationRead MoreThe Starry Night By Vincent Van Gogh916 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Starry Night Vincent van Gogh painted The Starry Night (p. 389) in 1889. For this piece of artwork van Gogh used oil paint on a 29 X 36 1/4 canvas. In this painting van Gogh painted a dark village with a giant Cypress tree placed along with a small spiral church which draws the viewer s attention towards the sky that is depicted with stars and swirls upon the dark village. Van Gogh placed an emphasis on the Cypress tree by painting it large, long, and pointing towards the sky. He alsoRead MoreThe Starry Night By Vincent Van Gogh1372 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesVincent van Gogh was an incredible painter who was a part of the post-impressionism movement of art. Many believe his artwork and style shaped 20th-century art and many artists incorporated his painting style. Van Gogh is often regarded as on of the fathers of post-expressionism. Sadly, critics only appreciated his work after his death, by a self-inflicted gunshot, in 1880. Before starting my research into van Gogh. I knew as much as the ordinary person would about him. His artwork is so renownedRead MoreThe Starry Night By Vincent Van Gogh1582 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe Arts Thesis Question 11-07-14 Vincent van Gogh One of my favorite pieces of art growing up was The Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh. Van Gogh was a man of his times, but what was his life like? Van Gogh had a religious upbringing and was originally going to be a minister as his occupation. But my main focus and what I want to know, is what were the influences on his life and how did they affect his painting? Between all of these things van Gogh had many influences. The religious influenceRead MoreStarry Night By Vincent Van Gogh990 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStarry Night is notoriously famous and is probably Vincent Van GoghÃ¢â¬â¢s most well-known piece of art, but that is all for a reason. Van Gogh very unique curving lines throughout the work and they create a flow to the painting that is very somber and fascinating. The line quality of the work seems whimsical in ways yet intentional, the lines are not pressed in very hard on the painting, you can tell because there are color differences within the lines meaning Van Gogh made casual strokes to create theRead MoreVan Gogh s Starry Night1991 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageswith mental illnesses Ã¢â¬Ëhave no choice but to express their livesÃ¢â¬â¢; using art as their escape. Which makes me question what was their state of mind and motivation in the creation of some of their famous works, for example Van GoghÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËStarry NightÃ¢â¬â¢. The expressive work of Van Gogh and the abstract mark making of De Kooning leads me to ask the question can artists escape their mental illnesses by expressing themselves through their application of paint, colour, shape and mark-making? I am interested
The best place to lose myself is in music. Sure, music isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a location. But it might as well be. Music expresses everything from shock, to love, to anger. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s one of the reasons I love to get so lost in it. For a few minutes, IÃ¢â¬â¢m feeling what that singer felt when they first wrote or sang those words. Suddenly, IÃ¢â¬â¢m in their shoes. IÃ¢â¬â¢m no longer in my world, but one that is totally different. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s music land. A place where every hope and dream gets jumbled into one. A multitude of genres and artists surrounds me, my favorites illuminated by a spotlight. Melancholy can hit at any moment, but so can happiness or confusion. I love shuffling my songs, plugging in my headphones, and letting the notes transfer me to a place far away. Sometimes I get so distracted by my tunes that I physically canÃ¢â¬â¢t hear anything else. We will write a custom essay sample on My favorite place to get lost or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page IÃ¢â¬â¢m so far away in music land that I refuse to leave it. Call me crazy, but it is one of the best states to be in. Some people turn to recreational usage of drugs or jumping off buildings to create a high. I need go no further than my Ipod. It contains every piece of music that has moved me in some way. If you want to understand me, look no further. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all in my musical playlists. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t imagine a better place to get lost.
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
Symphony And Opera Merger Task 1 Utah Opera and Symphony Merger Utah Opera and Utah Symphony merger is an organizational plan to combine the two art-based organizations with an aim of increasing their effectiveness and efficiency. It involves fundamental changes that are beneficial to the operations of both companies. This documental analysis will assist Ann Ewers, General Director of the Utah Opera; make an informed decision concerning the merger process. The analysis will comprise motivation theories as well as other pertinent information that are essential for use in the merger process. It will also comprise different types of power and how to effectively deal with them in decision making, potential harm as a result of the merger, and how to utilize available influence in order to build additional support. A1. Bill Bailey Mr. Bailey Bill can effectively use McClellandÃ¢â¬â¢s need theory to convince Utah Opera to support the merger. The general concern raised by the theory is the need for affiliation. We will write a custom essay sample on Utah Symphony and Opera Merger or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The theory emphasizes the need to continue with social relationships. It also calls for the need of group belonging and need for love (Kreinter and Kinicki, 2010). AdamÃ¢â¬â¢s Equity Theory of Motivation asserts that high levels of motivation and positive outcomes can emanate from people perceiving their treatment as fair. When people feel that they have an upper hand over others in their environments, they are likely to be motivated. If they feel they are unfairly treated, they are likely to be disillusioned (Kreinter Kinicki, 2010). People usually measure the sense of fairness through ideas explained by Equity Theory. Mr. Bailey perceives inequity emanating from the financial potential of Symphony over Utah Opera. The Symphony has a more inflexible schedule as compared to Utah Opera. Bailey other concern is that opera is likely to lose its identity. A2. Scott Parker Scott Parker is the chairman of the board of the Utah Symphony and his goal is to convince Mrs. Abravenal to support the merger. He can use the concept of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Need for Esteem. Abraham Maslow elaborated two types of human esteem needs. They include the lower needs and the higher ones. The lower ones are the need for reputation, respect, appreciation, and dignity. For instance, the need for the Symphony to reach tier one status; and other related needs up to the need for dominance Ã¢â¬â the SymphonyÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to achieve and maintain tier one status. Parker should explain that the current economic climate requires the merger of the two organizations and that the organization requires more efficient operation for current financial stability. Mrs. Abravenal concerns are that the merger will ultimately lower her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s accomplishments and memory; however, through the need of achievement Parker can convince that Mrs. AbravenalÃ¢â¬â¢s husband accomplishment will cease if the orchestra closes as a result of its financial situation. From Bill BaileyÃ¢â¬â¢s point of approach, adding the Utah Symphony does not provide a meaningful relationship. The current opera organizational structure uses SymphonyÃ¢â¬â¢s talents without providing the staff and the musicians a full-time contract. The OperaÃ¢â¬â¢s current production schedule is boosted by SymphonyÃ¢â¬â¢s. This is because the Utah Opera Organization will enjoy the continued financial flexibility that the Symphony does not have. Acquirement of the Utah Symphony is likely to change the foundations of how the OperaÃ¢â¬â¢s schedule of performances. The Symphony has full-time contracted employees when compared to that of the Opera. This makes them have a larger financial responsibility than the latter organization. The concern for financial flexibility is the main impetus for OperaÃ¢â¬â¢s growth. The Opera has been able to have a surplus budget and arrange their shows with regards to the amount of money that they raise in every show. A3. Power Ewers is in a leadership role and has the ability to use positional power to lead the merger. As the name implies, positional power is the ability to influence others by the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s title or standing within an organization (Kreinter and Kinicki, 2010). EwersÃ¢â¬â¢ positional power is supported by the skills that she has learned and earned her position in the Opera as the General Director. The members of the opera company have witnessed EwersÃ¢â¬â¢ current success through the organization and her management of resources resulting in a financial strong opera company. This in turn, makes Ewers a favorable member within the organization along with high level of leadership. EwerÃ¢â¬â¢s personal power is the source of influence she holds and her ability to influence others. Personal power is associated with knowledge, personal attraction and effort. Ewers leadership power can be increased through expertise acquired from the possession of special knowledge her ability for fund raising. All managers have some degree of legitimate power (Kreinter and Kinicki, 2010). The set of skills she has earned as she climbed through the organizations hierarchy shows Ewers is resilient and intellectual leader. These are EwerÃ¢â¬â¢s innate traits are personal power; personal power is internal. Ewers is a well respected figure in the arts community and proven professional experience and proven organization success. AnneÃ¢â¬â¢s positional power is derived from her position in the organization as general director. Positional power is strategic because it empowers individuals at the top of the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy to manage others in order achieve organizational goals. Moreover, it is both skill sets, personal and positional power that earned her the job title of general director. a) Ewers have developed relationships with members of both symphony and opera executive committees adding to her experience to use positional and personal power to successfully lead the merger efforts. However, she will be faced with new challenges, influencing others who have more positional power, the board of directors. Ewers will encounter others who will stifle her effectiveness by using their positional power negatively. Anne will also need to convince others who have less positional power, employees and the arts community, by building constructive relationships with her current and potential staff affected by the merger. b) In the new organizational hierarchy, Lockhart will report to Ewers. Lockhart believes his position and autonomy will be stripped away by the resulting merger. Again, Ewers should use personal power to empower Lockhart. This entails building trust by encouraging LockhartÃ¢â¬â¢s participation in decisions and soliciting input. EwersÃ¢â¬â¢ personal power can influence Lockhart to trust her as a leader and develop respect. A4. Organizational Performance The formation of the new organization faces contract issues with the musicians, if not resolved in the initial stages of the merger, would jeopardize the future organizational performance. The musiciansÃ¢â¬â¢ concern is whether their current collective bargaining agreement will remain under the new-formed organization. As previously described in AdamÃ¢â¬â¢s Equity Theory, the musicianÃ¢â¬â¢s perceptions are based on organizational justice, or their perception of whether they have been treated fairly by the organization (Kreitner Kinicki, 2010). Also, an element of organizational justice is distributive justice and the perception fairness and how resources and rewards are distributed (Kreitner Kinicki, 2010). Some musicians believe, or at least have accused the symphony board, of having entered into the merger discussions as an excuse to reopen and renegotiate the terms of the current collective agreement. ) It is recommended that Ewers addresses the musiciansÃ¢â¬â¢ issue early in the merger process by requesting the organization and the musicians agree to abide by the terms of the current contract. Ewers must emphasize to the board the importance of the musicians to symphony and honoring commitment. Next, Ewers will have to assure the musicians that the contract will remain and that their g oals are aligned with the boards for the survival of the symphony. Finally, Ewers should communicate the financial concerns of the symphony. Open communication will win the trust of the musicians and change their perception perceptions of distributive and procedural justice by giving the musicians power over the decisions that will affect them (Kreitner Kinicki, 2010). A5. Influence Tactics Personal appeals could be used by Ewers to encourage the staff and artist assist new employees with the transition into the new organization. By appealing to loyalty and friendship, they may be more willing to help out in the future knowing that they are working with someone they trust (intrinsic motivators). Personal appeals can also be used when speaking to non-supporters of the merger to persuade them that they have developed lasting friendships that they should continue to foster. They have shared expectations for how group members have to behave if they want to have group approval, and group politics affect the movement of ideas between the members. Does not matter how small the group is, there is always an in-crowd, who shapes the goals of organization and makes decisions. And if there is a need to change the course of organization in a new direction, it is necessary to explicitly challenge the in-crowd first, perhaps by persuading them to publicly and consistently embrace new goals. In addition, Ewers can use consultation Ã¢â¬â getting others involved to support oneÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives Ã¢â¬â when she is working with the operaÃ¢â¬â¢s full-time staff and artists. Ewers is not required to communicate information regarding the merger because of her executive position, but effective leaders use the power of information.
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Kindergartens as a First Step towards Adult Life A person's development begins from the very childhood. During their very first years children become more and more curious about the world around them and get some education by learning how to speak and asking all their why-questions. Then they start to learn the alphabet and start to read. They want to learn more about this life and demonstrate their talents. Before the age of six children are very sensitive, and it is crucial to find the right approach to every single individual at this period of time. The reality today is that parents cannot afford to stay at home with their children all day. Nowadays both parents have to work to make money for their family, and not every couple can hire a person that will take care of their children. This is why kindergartens are so popular and widespread in almost every country. Children are sent to the full-day kindergartens, and these places have a great impact on their upbringing and further education. A lot of researchers believe that it is crucial for younger children to have an access to education because it has a positive impact on their ability to read; besides, this improves their cognitive performance throughout their lives. Anyway, if parents have to spens all day at work and nobody can help them, they do not even ask the question about the importance of a kindergarten Ã¢â¬â this place is their only option. However, some families can choose to let a child go to the kindergarten or to stay with him/her at home. What should these parents prefer? Is a kindergarten the best alternative for them and their child? Disadvantages of a Kindergarten We would like to start this discussion with disadvantages of sending children to kindergartens. First and foremost, this experience is always stressful for children. No matter how good the teacher is and how great the other kids are, a child who comes to the kindergarten from home always feels nervous and stressed because of this huge change. The child is surrounded by strangers, his/her dear parents do not come to take him/her home for a few hours already Ã¢â¬â a child does not understand that immediately, which might cause a negative reaction. However, usually children overcome these difficulties and start to enjoy their days in the kindergarten a lot. Secondly, they can be negatively influenced by other children. Children in the kindergarten can have different backgrounds, and there is always a risk of a negative impact on your child. This is normal because teachers cannot control all communication between the children, and here it is very important for parents to help their children be open with them and teach them how to treat other children and how to solve conflicts. Advantages of a Kindergarten There are a lot of advantages of kindergartens which make these institutions so popular. To begin with, kindergartens help children become more independent. It is extremely valuable that children can learn how to do a lot of things without their parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ help. They learn how to make the bed, how to clean, how to put on clothes, etc. When children stay home with their mothers or grandparents, they do not need to think about such important things because adults take care of them. However, at certain age children already need to do a lot of things without adultsÃ¢â¬â¢ assistance, and kindergartens help them achieve this goal. Secondly, all children need to communicate with other children starting with the age of three or four. At this age they already require important social skills and learn how to build relationships with other people (in this case with their peers). Kindergartens also allow them to spend more time with other adults. This might be stressful for some children, but it is crucial because later they will become school students and they will have to establish good relationships with their school teachers. In the kindergarten children learn that parents are not the only authoritative people in their lives. Since children acquire all these social skills in the kindergarten, it is easier for them to study in school and make friends there and be in good terms with their teachers. Another very strong advantage of a kindergarten is education. This is the place where children start to learn how to write and improve their reading skills. They get a lot of different math assignment and have to memorize poems and perform them in front of their peers. In the kindergarten children make their first educational steps which help them a lot when they come to school. Since they do not have an easy access to TVs and computers, children are more busy with other activities: either they play together outside, which is great for their health, or do some sewing and knitting exercises which develop their fine motor skills. In the kindergarten children have to be disciplined and follow strict rules, and this is also very useful because it makes their transition to school much easier and less stressful. As you can see, kindergartens have their pros and cons, and it is only up to you to decide whether you want your child to go such a place. You can send your child to a kindergarten and see how he/she reacts. If this is too much for you boy or girl, then you should wait a little. However, your child can enjoy going to the kindergarten, and all your problems will be solved.
Friday, February 28, 2020
Working capital management and how it affects the liquidity and profitaility position of the hotel industry in the UK - Dissertation Example Research Questions 8 2.2. Research Objectives 8 3. Literature Review 9 3.1. Working Capital & its importance 9 3.2. Working capital management 13 3.3. Inventory management 16 3.4. Cash management 19 4. Research methodology 26 4.1. Research philosophy 26 4.2. Research approach and technique 28 4.3. Sources & collection of data 29 4.4. Ethics 32 4.5. Credibility & verification 33 4.6. Research limitations 34 4.7. Estimated costs 34 4.8. Time activity 35 5. Findings 36 6. Discussions 41 6.1. Working capital & its importance 41 6.2. Management & control of working capital 42 6.3. Working capital & its effects on liquidity and profitability of a firm 45 6.4. Relevance of & impact of working capital in the UK hotel industry 47 6.5. Analysis & discussion 54 7. Conclusion & Recommendation 58 8. Reflections 63 References 67 1. Introduction With the advent of globalization and major change in economy, various sectors have come into picture and have shown promising development all around. One o f them is definitely the hospitality sector. People flock in from various part of the world for various purposes and here comes the usefulness of the service sector. A countryÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation also lies in the quality of hospitality which it may provide. The super powers in respect of world economy certainly have a cutting edge than others. UK is a favorite destination to citizens all round the globe. The culmination of people of various societies can be found over there, who are out to make their living. As a result the service industry in UK is on a boom. 4.2 percent of investment is made in the service sector (Economic contribution of UK hospitality industry, 2010). The London Olympics which is to be staged in 2012 will see numerous foot falls as people round the globe will be there to witness the gala event. The government has taken steps to renovate the industry and provide best of service. An addition of 1.2 billion pound will be there to the economy (2012 London Olympics F act). Economy earned by the hotel industry can be contributed to other growing or lesser growing sectors. It is quite evident that the hotel industry, especially those engaged in large scale are surely to be benefited, and can face high profitability. But amidst this, proper financial management of resource and a control on the working capital is also required to raise long term profitability. The profit gained over this period of time can be invested and manipulated well for future days. One of the important aspects in finance deals with Working Capital Management. The term Working capital deals with two broad divisions of the Balance Sheet, i.e. current asset and the current liabilities and the numeric difference between them. The current asset mainly comprises of cash, sundry debtors which are also known as Accounts receivable and bills receivable and inventories whereas the current liabilities deals with short term debt, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other debts. In lay manÃ¢â¬â¢s term working capital is one of the crucial requirements of a firm and is the fund which is required to meet up the day to days expenses. Working capital may vary from one organization to another based on their size and the amount of money that are engaged in current assets. Organizations employed with high fixed assets tend to possess a low working capital. Presence of an efficient working capital is of utmost importance to the firm and its assessment is also needed to be monitored in a correct manner. The overestimation or the under estimation both may lead to mishaps (Mathur, 2007) for the organization. Overestimation may hamper the return on investment by the accumulation of the inventories. Whereas the underestimation may curb the growth, as the organization will not move to venture into new projects due